Jennifer Rubenstein at McGill: "Between Samaritans and Saints" and "Emergency Claims and Emergency Politics"

March 12, 2015 Leave a comment

Jennifer Rubenstein at McGill: "Between Samaritans and Saints" and "Emergency Claims and Emergency Politics"

On Thursday March 19 at 4:30 PM Jennifer Rubenstein, Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of Virginia and author of the newly-published Between Samaritans and States: The Political Ethics of Humanitarian INGOs (description below) will give a lecture of the same title in the Moot Court Room, first floor of Chancellor Day Hall, McGill Law, 3644 Peel.  Her lecture is sponsored by the Montreal Health Equity Research Consortium and the Research Group on Constitutional Studies.  It is free and open to the public; students are encouraged to attend.  Registration is not required but an rsvp at https://www.facebook.com/events/1407632242879639/ is appreciated.

Friday March 20 she will give a workshop on a paper, "Emergency Claims and Emergency Politics,"  12-1:30 pm in the main seminar room of the Institute for Health and Social Policy, Charles Meredith House, 1130 Pine Avenue West.  Those who read the paper are welcome to attend and take part; please e-mail jtlevy@gmail.com to receive it.
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Between Samaritans and States (Oxford University Press, 2015)
This book provides the first book-length, English-language account of the political ethics of large-scale, Western-based humanitarian INGOs, such as Oxfam, CARE, and Doctors Without Borders. These INGOs are often either celebrated as heroes or do-going machines or maligned as incompetents ‘on the road to hell’. In contrast, this book suggests the picture is more complicated. 
Drawing on political theory, philosophy, and ethics, along with original fieldwork, this book shows that while humanitarian INGOs are often perceived as non-governmental and apolitical, they are in fact sometimes somewhat governmental, highly political, and often ‘second-best’ actors. As a result, they face four central ethical predicaments: the problem of spattered hands, the quandary of the second-best, the cost-effectiveness conundrum, and the moral motivation trade-off. 
This book considers what it would look like for INGOs to navigate these predicaments in ways that are as consistent as possible with democratic, egalitarian, humanitarian and justice-based norms. It argues that humanitarian INGOs must regularly make deep moral compromises. In choosing which compromises to make, they should focus primarily on their overall consequences, as opposed to their intentions or the intrinsic value of their activities. But they should interpret consequences expansively, and not limit themselves to those that are amenable to precise measurements of cost-effectiveness. The book concludes by explaining the implications of its ‘map’ of humanitarian INGO political ethics for individual donors to INGOs, and for how we all should conceive of INGOs’ role in addressing pressing global problems.

Anne-Marie Boisvert – “Comment peut-on être réaliste?”

Conférence “Fillosophie”* le mercredi 18 mars 2015, 12h30.

Anne-Marie Boisvert (doctorante en philosophie, UQAM)
“Comment peut-on être réaliste”

UQAM, Local W-5215, Pavillon Thérèse-Casgrain (W), 455 René Lévesque Est.

Comme d’habitude, la conférence sera suivie d’une collation propice à l’interaction sociale.

L’événement est gratuit et ouvert à toutes et à tous.

Pour plus de renseignements:
http://fillosophie.org/conferences/annee-2014-2015/9e-conference-18-mars-2015/
https://www.facebook.com/events/1568697996711703/

*conférence jumelée avec le séminaire “Travaux en Cours”, organisé par le département de philosophie de l’UQAM.

Demi-journée d’étude: La tolérance au croisement des disciplines

March 3, 2015 Leave a comment

Le CEETUM et le CRÉ organisent une demi-journée d’étude consacrée à l’ouvrage La tolérance, un risque pour la démocratie? théorie d’un impératif politique, de Marc-Antoine Dilhac.

11 mars, 13h00-17h00

Salle A-2405, Pavillon Maximilien-Caron, Université de Montréal

Au programme:

13h00-13h20 – Présentation de Marc-Antoine Dilhac, philosophie, UdeM
13h20-13h40 – Commentaire de Dominique Leydey, philosophie, UQAM
13h40-14h00 – Réponse de Marc-Antoine et discussion
14h00-14h20 – Commentaire de Jean-François Gaudreault-Desbiens, droit, UdeM
14h20-14h40 – Réponse de Marc-Antoine et discussion
Pause-café
15h00-15h20 – Commentaire de Chiara Piazzesi, sociologie, UQAM
15h20-15h40 – Réponse de Marc-Antoine et discussion
15h40-16h00 – Commentaire de Micheline Milot, sociologie, UQAM
16h00-16h20 – Réponse de Marc-Antoine et discussion
16h20-16h40 – Commentaire de Christian Nadeau, philosophie, UdeM
16h40-17h00 – Réponse de Marc-Antoine et discussion.

Pour plus d’information, visitez le site web du CRÉ.

Appel à contributions : La Philosophie politique en-deçà et au-delà de l’État / Call For Papers: Political Philosophy Below and Beyond the State

March 2, 2015 Leave a comment

Date limite prolongée : 1er avril 2015 / Deadline Extension: April 1st 2015

Les Ateliers de l’éthique/The Ethics Forum

(English will follow)

Sous la direction de Yann Allard-Tremblay (Université de McGill) et Benoit Morissette (Université de Montréal).

La Philosophie politique en-deçà et au-delà de l’État

Les Ateliers de l’éthique/The Ethics Forum sollicite des contributions portant sur la question de l’étendue des sociétés politiques. Les théories idéales développées en philosophie politique se sont jusqu’ici principalement interrogées sur les principes de justice qui doivent gouverner les sociétés libérales. Or, ces théories se sont très peu penchées sur l’étendue des sociétés politiques. Elles présument que les frontières des États-nations constituent des paramètres fixes et indépendants, qui délimitent le cadre dans lequel les réflexions à propos des principes de justice doivent se dérouler. Par conséquent, une fois ces principes définis, elles supposent qu’ils s’appliquent uniformément à l’ensemble d’une société politique donnée sous la gouverne d’un État central.

Des développements récents en théorie du droit – notamment le pluralisme constitutionnel et légal – contestent le rôle central de l’État-nation dans l’organisation des systèmes juridiques, et plus généralement dans les rapports d’obligations politiques entre les citoyens. Ces questions sont également soulevées par la théorie démocratique, qui se penche sur le problème de l’identité du démos, et les approches cosmopolites, lorsqu’elles abordent les enjeux se rapportant à la portée des obligations de justice et la manière dont elles structurent l’organisation des institutions politiques qui gouvernent les rapports entre les citoyens.

La philosophie politique semble toutefois demeurée en grande partie attachée à l’idée d’une société politique constitutionnellement uniforme, fondée sur des principes universels et prépolitiques, et par conséquent difficilement négociables. Devant ce constat, nous invitons des soumissions qui interrogent, du point de vue de la philosophie politique, les différents aspects soulevés par le problème de l’étendue des sociétés politiques ou qui remettent en question les limites et l’uniformité traditionnelles de l’État-nation.

Les contributions pourront, par exemple, répondre aux questions suivantes :

Quels sont les avantages ou les limites du pluralisme légal ?
Comment penser le pluralisme constitutionnel à l’échelle locale, nationale et internationale ?
Comment concevoir l’équité dans un ordre constitutionnel pluriel et négociable ?
En vertu de quels principes le pouvoir peut-il être distribué de façon légitime au sein d’une
société politique diversifiée : « les intérêts affectés », l’autonomie gouvernementale, la subsidiarité, le fédéralisme et le nationalisme ?
Comment les concepts tels que le cosmopolitisme moral, le cosmopolitisme institutionnel ou la souveraineté nationale permettent-ils d’envisager les rapports politiques globaux d’une manièrelégitime et compatible avec l’idée que les principes de justice sont négociables ?
Est-ce que l’idée d’un ordre constitutionnel négociable et pluriel est incompatible avec l’idée de justice ?

Ces thématiques sont des suggestions. Les auteurs peuvent proposer d’autres sujets en lien avec la problématique abordée dans le numéro.

Règles pour l’envoi des propositions d’article

Les articles doivent être soumis au plus tard le 1er avril 2015 par courrier électronique en format .doc(x) aux responsables du dossier Yann Allard-Tremblay (yann.allard-tremblay@mail.mcgill.ca) et à Benoit Morissette (benoit.morissette@umontreal.ca).

Format des articles

– Textes de 6000 à 12000 mots, simple interligne.
– Police : Times New Roman 12 points.
– Notes en fin de texte et non en bas de pages.

Le détail des consignes aux auteurs se retrouvent à cette adresse : http://www.lecre.umontreal.ca/categorie/ateliers_ethique_ethics_forum/

Guest Editors: Yann Allard-Tremblay (McGill University) et Benoit Morissette (University of Montreal).

Political Philosophy Below and Beyond the State

Les Ateliers de l’éthique/The Ethics Forum invites proposals for a special issue on the topic of the scope of political societies. Ideal political theories are generally concerned with the principles of justice that ought to govern liberal societies. These theories hardly consider the scope of political societies. They take the existing borders of nation-states as independent and fixed parameters within which reflection on principles of justice is carried out. Accordingly, once these principles are defined, they are assumed to apply uniformly across a given political society under the rule of a central state.

Recent developments in legal theory—namely constitutional and legal pluralism— have challenged the central role assigned to the nation-state in the organisation of legal systems, and more generally its role in structuring the political obligations amongst citizens. These issues are also discussed by democratic theorists who have put into question the identity of the demos, and by cosmopolitanism, when seeking to determine the scope of our obligations of justice, and how they affect the structure of the political institutions governing the relationships between citizens.

Yet, for the most part, political philosophy still remains committed to the idea of a constitutionally uniform political society, structured by universal and pre-political, and thus hardly negotiable, principles of justice. In light of this, we invite proposals that question, from the point of view of political philosophy, the different aspects of the scope of political societies or that question the traditional limits and unity of the nation-state.

Papers could address the following topics:

What are the advantages and the limits of legal pluralism?
How to conceive constitutional pluralism at the local, national and international levels?
How to conceive of equity in a plural and negotiable constitutional order?
According to which principles should political power be distributed in a diverse political society: all-affected interests, governmental autonomy, subsidiarity, federalism or nationalism?
How does moral and institutional cosmopolitanism and national sovereignty allow us to conceive global political interactions in a legitimate way all the while being compatible with the idea that principles of justice are negotiable?
Is the idea of a negotiable and plural constitutional order a departure from the idea of justice?

These are only suggestions and authors are welcome to propose other topics related to the theme of this special issue.

Guidelines

Papers need to be submitted by the 1st of April 2015 in .doc(x) format to Yann Allard-Tremblay (yann.allard-tremblay@mail.mcgill.ca) and Benoit Morissette (benoit.morissette@umontreal.ca).

Format

– Texts from 6000 to 12000 words, single spaced.
– Font must be Times New Roman, 12 point.
– Notes should be placed at the end of the text and not at bottom of page.

Detailed instructions to authors are available at this address: http://www.lecre.umontreal.ca/categorie/ateliers_ethique_ethics_forum/

Summer School on Global Economic Justice at CRE, Montreal, 1st-5th June 2015

February 12, 2015 Leave a comment

The Centre de recherche en éthique (CRE) is pleased to announce a Call for Applications for its first summer school, entitled “Global Economic Justice”, running from June 1st-5th, 2015 at Université de Montreal, Canada.

In recent decades, theories of justice have shifted their focus from the domestic to the global context. Many of the questions at the heart of the global justice literature concern economic issues. For instance, what are the normative implications of the mobility of capital? By comparison, how should the relative immobility of labour, which is not altogether voluntary, be assessed from an ethical viewpoint? Who should benefit from the exploration of natural resources, and why?

The objective of the summer school is to provide an opportunity to gain an advanced knowledge of some of the literature on these questions, and to offer a forum of critical discussion of recent theoretical developments. The questions of global justice on the agenda all contain important interdisciplinary dimensions.

Course faculty:

- June 1st: Christine Straehle (Graduate School of Public and International Affairs, University of Ottawa), global justice and migration

- June 2nd: Peter Dietsch (Philosophy, Université de Montréal & summer school organizer), global justice and fiscal policy

- June 3rd: Sylvie Loriaux, (Political Science, Université de Laval), global justice and trade

- June 4th: Clément Fontan (Centre de recherche en éthique, Montréal), global justice and monetary arrangements

- June 5th: Chris Armstrong (Politics & International Relations, University of Southampton), global justice and natural resources

The summer school will be held in English. Those interested in participating should send their CV, a 500-word letter of motivation that includes an indication of their research interests, and the filled out registration form available (attached) to Valéry Giroux at valery.giroux@umontreal.ca by March 10th.

The summer school primarily targets graduate and postgraduate students as well as young academics, but other dossiers will also be considered. The registration fee for the summer school is $150 for students and $300 for non-students. A limited amount of financial aid is available, including tuition waivers, and accommodation and travel grants.

For more information about the CRE, see www.lecre.umontreal.ca.

Call for papers – Workshop on the Ethics of Social Risk

February 12, 2015 Leave a comment

Centre de recherche en éthique (CRÉ), Montréal, 18th-19th September 2015


Risk is everywhere and always has been. However, the nature of man-made risks is changing. For most human beings, though unfortunately not all, war and various forms of direct, violent oppression are no longer among the most significant risks they face. Replacing these are forms of indirect, systemic risk, where the actions of other individuals or of society as a whole create significant potential downsides for individuals.

To take just two examples, consider the near-consensus that economic activity leads to an increase in the variability of climate patterns, affecting the lives of many through more uncertain access to food and water, and to longer spells of extreme temperatures. Second, as illustrated by the financial crisis of 2008 and subsequent years, the current regulation of financial institutions is more prone to generate crises that spill over from finance into the real economy and have a profound effect on the material well-being of individuals. These examples, and many more, raise the issue of the ethics of human activity when increased risks to others are a by-product.

The workshop aims to address issues of risk both at a theoretical level and in a variety of applied policy settings. Below is a non-exhaustive list of questions that presentations at the workshop might address:

· How to account for risk and uncertainty in establishing social preferences? This poses the question of the aggregation of individual risk attitudes in a heterogeneous society.

· How to evaluate public policies on the basis of the risk sharing they impose on citizens? From an operational standpoint, how should risk be incorporated in cost-benefit analyses of health policies, for example?

· How should redistributive policies account for risks and uncertainties that affect members of society in different ways?

· To what extent can and should efforts be made to reduce exposure to global risks?

Keynote speakers:


Marc Fleurbaey (Princeton University)

Luc Bovens (London School of Economics)

Christian Traeger (University of California, Berkeley)

Those interested in participating in the workshop should send an abstract of 500 words to peter.dietsch@umontreal.ca by April 15th 2015.


Organizers:


Peter Dietsch, Philosophie, Université de Montréal
Justin Leroux, Économie appliquée, HEC Montréal

Lucie Wade – “In the trenches of clinical neuroethics: What do we do when we are doing neuroethics?”

February 6, 2015 Leave a comment

Le réseau neuroéthique de Montréal
The Montréal Neuroethics Network
– SPECIAL SEMINAR-
===========================
Lucie Wade,
Jewish General Hospital, Montréal, Canada
  Thursday, February 5th, 12:00pm – 1:00pm
Jeudi le 5 fevrier, 12:00 – 13:00 h
Title/titre:
“In the trenches of clinical neuroethics: What do we do when we are doing neuroethics?”
Bill Harvey once famously stated that as Clinical Ethicists we need to ask ourselves: “What are we doing, when we are doing, what we are doing?” In this interactive lecture, Ms Wade will provide a brief overview of her role as a practicing healthcare ethicist in a large tertiary-quaternary care centre in Montreal. Referencing de-identified clinical cases, she will provide insight into the goals of ethics consultation, and particular challenges that emerge when working with teams to address neuroethics issues such as those that arise with patients with disorders of consciousness, mental illness, and intellectual disability. Discussion will focus on questions submitted by members of the Neuroethics Research Unit (IRCM), with a wider-view to demonstrate how academic neuroethics research may inform clinical practice, and identify any gaps that exist.
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Location:
Room/Salle André-Barbeau, Institut de recherches cliniques de Montréal (IRCM)
110 Avenue des Pins Ouest
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Pease see attached poster for details.
Veuillez consulter les affiches ci-jointes pour de plus amples renseignements.
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All are welcome but please note that there are limited spaces. Please RSVP by February 4th  at Veljko.dubljevic@ircm.qc.ca.
Tous sont les bienvenus mais veuillez noter qu’il y a un nombre de places limité. SVP réservez d’ici le 4 fevrier auprès veljko.dubljevic@ircm.qc.ca afin de vous inscrire.
The Montreal Neuroethics Network promotes neuroethics training, education and dialogue by exposing various audiences to neuroethics issues; fostering collaboration and mutual learning; and ensure Montreal’s leadership in addressing ethical and social issues in neuroscience and healthcare delivery through inter-institutional collaborations.
For additional information, please contact Dr. Eric Racine at: Neuroethics Research Unit
Institut de recherches cliniques de Montréal
Tel: +1 514 987-5723
Email: neuroethics@ircm.qc.ca
Le Réseau neuroéthique de Montréal promeut la formation, l’éducation et le dialogue neuroéthiques en exposant divers publics aux enjeux neuroéthiques; en facilitant les collaborations et les apprentissages mutuels afin de développer le leadership à Montréal pour aborder les questions éthiques et sociales associées aux neurosciences et aux soins de santé dans un contexte de collaboration interinstitutionnelle.
Pour de plus amples renseignements, veuillez communiquer avec Éric Racine
Unité de recherche en neuroéthique
Institut de recherches cliniques de Montréal
Tél. : +1 514 987-5723
Courriel : neuroethics@ircm.qc.ca

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